To give a true meaning to the “Year of Human Rights” The Kigali AU Summit should adopt the following measures:
1- On Civic Space: The Summit should decide a moratorium on all existing national laws that restrict CSOs’ operations and call for the revision of those laws before the end of the year in accordance to universal rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. Since 2012, at least 29 restrictive laws on civic space have been introduced in African countries.
2- All AU Members should commit to ratify the African Court of Human and People’s Rights Protocol before the end of 2016. on As of December 2015 only 29 out of the 54 AU members were Parties to the Protocol seventeen years after its adoption.
3- All AU Members should accept the competence of the African Court of Human and People’s Rights to receive cases from individuals and NGOs before the end of the year. As of December 2016 only 7 countries have done so.
4- Kigali Summit should demand the immediate release of all political prisoners, stop intimidations and cases against political leaders in all AU Members states and call for investigations on the recent cases of torture to death in Gambia, force disappearance and other gross HR violations in the continent.
5- The Kigali Summit should decide on concrete sanctions applicable to countries that do not comply to the HR Courts decisions and the list of those countries should be published regularly.
6- The African Passport in preparation for the Summit must be issued to a number of ordinary citizens of the continent… not just to heads of state as currently planned.
7- Because of the high risk that constitutional amendments present now on peace and security in Africa, the Kigali Summit should decide a moratorium on those changes aiming to prolong presidential terms until a serious discussion happens and decisions made at continental level in this. Not doing it will be like jeopardizing the realisation of our Agenda 2063, “the Africa we want” and a denial of our shared values.
8- On the rights of women: all member states should show case of the concrete national policy and practice changes (with figures) that they have operated since the adoption of the AU Women Rights Protocol and the Solemn Declaration on Gender Mainstreaming.